Vertical farming is what encompasses the act of farming or growing of plants, such as vegetables, in indoor settings, which is why some people call this act as indoor farming, since its modern ideas comes from the techniques of indoor farming and CEA or controlled-environment agriculture technology. It is also defined as the practice of the human beings or the people who have the basic knowledge with regards to the modern method of farming or producing food in stacked layers in a vertical manner, and examples for that includes shipping container, used warehouse and farming in a skyscraper. The different facilities of vertical or indoor farming includes fertigation, which includes the injection of soil amendments, fertilizers and any other water-soluble products into an irrigation system; environmental control, which includes gases, temperature and humidity; and utilizing the artificial control of the lightings.
There are basically a lot of various techniques being used by the people in indoor and vertical farming, and in order to obtain the effectiveness of this certain act, the people who designed and has the knowledge and skills in vertical farming is to combine all the devices and technologies being used for the various farming techniques. The different techniques and technologies of vertical farming includes the greenhouse, which is a structure that is made from transparent materials; the folkewall, which is a construction designed with dual functions of purifying waste water and growing plants; the flowerpot, which is a container used for cultivating and displaying flowers and other plants; the aeroponics, which is the process of growing plants in a mist or air environment without the use of soil; the hydroponics, which is a subset of hydroculture and the method of growing plants without any soil and instead use mineral nutrient solution for the water solvent; and the aquaponics, which refers to the system that combines aquaculture and hydroponics together in a symbiotic environment. The other technologies and methods used for vertical farming includes the phytoremediation, which refers to the technologies that use plants to clean and purify the air, water and soil that are being contaminated with chemicals; the CEA or controlled-environment agriculture which is a technological approach toward the production of food; the precision agriculture or also known as satellite farming, which is a study or farming management that is based on measuring, responding, and observing to intra-field and inter variability in crops; and the agriculture robot or shortened as agbot, which is a robot deployed for the purpose of agriculture. Practicing vertical farming includes various benefits and advantages for the people, their families and the society, as well, and examples for those includes the ability to conserve our resources, good and healthy impact on the health of the human beings, the ability to halt any extinction of living things, food security, urban growth, sustainability of energy, for us to be prepared for the future, increased of the production of crops, and protection from any problems that are weather-related. Vertical and indoor farming became very popular in our society, nowadays, and the people who plans to practice such act and wants to learn more about it can read it through newspapers, WOM or word of mouth and finding the website through the use of the internet.